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European 4 in 1 (E4-1)

Weave Description
European 4 in 1 is one of the most popular chainmail weaves known to mankind. It is what a lot of armour from the European middle ages was made out of. It is very easy to learn and is a versatile fabric weave that can be used to make things like shirts, coifs, dicebags, and inlays.

The sample displayed uses stainless steel rings made from .063" (1.60mm / 16 SWG) wire wrapped on 5/16" (7.94mm) mandrel. With a measured ID of .346" (8.79mm) these rings bear an AR of 5.5.

An AR of 2.9 is the minimum for E4-1. An AR of 3.0 is ideal for structural applications such as basketry. Inlays can be done in any AR possible with this weave, but are best done in the three to four range so they look less open. As a fabric, the maille maker will have to find a ring size that provides the desired openness and flexibility of the weave. Shirts, coifs, and other clothing items are generally made in the four to six range. Welded/riveted rings allow for higher AR's while maintaining good strength.

Weave Tags (Click to Search Weaves)

European, Sheet, Alpha, Beginner

Related Articles

Weave Tutorials
European 4 in 1 (CGI; chain)
European 4 in 1 (CGI; One at a Time)
European 4 in 1 (CGI; ribbon)
European 4 in 1 (Ribbon)
European 4 in 1: 45 Degree Seam
European 4 in 1: Armpit Seam
European 4 in 1: Expanding Circle (Core Method)
European 4 in 1: Expanding Circle (Fill in Core)
European 4 in 1 on the Bias
European 4 in 1; My Easier Method for Expanding Circles
European 4 in 1 - How I Do It
Flowers 4 in 1 (CGI)
4 Leaf Clover (CGI)
Weaves with Neoprene Rings
European 4 in 1: Flat Expanding Circle
Euro 4-1 Contraction (Ex-CGMaille Tutorial)
European 4-1 Expansion (Ex-CGMaille Tutorial)
European 4 in 1 (from CGMaille) (Ex-CGMaille Tutorial)
E4-1 Seams; Top to Bottom and Bottom to Top (Ex-CGMaille Tutorial)
European 4-1 with Half Persian 3-1 Trim (Ex-CGMaille Tutorial)
European 4 in 1 Seams: 15; 30; 45; and 60 Degrees

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Cabochon Wrapping Using European 4 in 1 and 6 in 1 [Jewelry,Wraps]
European 4 in 1 Pouch [Patterns,Accessories]
How To Make A Belt Using European 4 in 1 [Patterns,European,Accessories]
European 4 in 1/6 in 1 Bikini/Bra Top [Patterns,Clothing]
European 4 in 1 Bra: Alternate [Patterns,Clothing]
Overlapping Slits in European 4 in 1 [Armour,European,Hauberk]
European 4 in 1 Inlays: Impact of Weave Direction [Inlays,European]
Finger Ring Construction (European 4 in 1) [European,Rings]
Is Speedweaving European 4 in 1 a Myth? [Construction]
Inverting Rows on 90 & 45 Degree Angles (Both Directions) [Armour,European,Hauberk]
Basic European 4 in 1 Vest Pattern [Patterns,European,Clothing]
The 45 Degree Seam Myth [European,Theory]
Graduation / Graduated Maille [Ring Sizes,Wire Sizes]
Scale Maille (Grafted Onto Maille) [Armour,NSR]
Creating a Coif [Armour,Coifs,Clothing]
European Weave Coverings for Marbles [Miscellaneous]
Constructing a 45 degree Seam Shirt [Armour,Hauberk]
Making My First Bikini Set [Patterns,Clothing]
Adding Half Persian Trim/ European-Persian Ratios [Patterns,European,Persian,Weave Theory,Theory]

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