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Glossary: C


CAMAIL
(see aventail)


CUIRASS
Breastplate and backplate worn as one peice of armor.


CHAUSSES
Pronounced "SHOWS". Mail protection for the legs, either in the form of mail hose, which covered the foot as well, or strips of mail laced round the front of the leg.


CLOSURE
The point at which the ends of a butted ring meet.


CAPTIVE RING
A ring that is held in place by a series of rings without passing through the inner diameter of those rings. The rings holding a captive ring in place are known as its cage.


CAGE
The group of rings which trap a captive ring and hold it in place.


COIF DROOP
The tendency of the unsupported lower end of the face opening on a coif to sag.


COLD WORKING
Deformation of metal at a temperature low enough to create work hardening. Typical at room temperature.


CHAINMAILLE (ALSO CHAINMAIL, CHAIN MAIL)
(see maille)


COIF
A hood, usually of maille. By the twelfth century it many had incorporated a ventail, which could be pulled across the lower part of the face.


COLD ROLLING
The rolling of metal at a temperature below the softing point of the metal. This allows work hardening during forming.